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January 23, 2014 Day 3 of the Sixth Year - History

January 23, 2014 Day 3 of the Sixth Year - History



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President Barack Obama greets Philadelphia Mayor Michael Nutter while Vice President Joe Biden talks with Baltimore Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake during a reception for the U.S. Conference of Mayors in the Blue Room of the White House, Jan. 23, 2014.


Historical Events on January 3

Event of Interest

1496 Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine

Martin Luther is Excommunicated

1521 Martin Luther is excommunicated by Pope Leo X from the Roman Catholic Church for failing to recant parts of his Ninety-five Theses which started the Protestant Reformation

    Dutch Premier Van Joost speaks of "Hostage rights of Aemstel" Schouwburg Theater, the 1st in Amsterdam, opens The Coonan Cross Oath is taken in the Saint Thomas Christian community in an effort to avoid submission to Portuguese rule in India Resistance of Androsovo in Russia-Poland

Event of Interest

1746 "Bonnie Prince Charlie", Prince Charles Edward Stuart's army leaves Glasgow, Scotland [NS=Jan 14]

    Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont. Tax revolt in Haarlem Neth East Indies invasion "Geldermalsen" leaves at Malacca: 92 killed

Victory in Battle

1777 General George Washington's revolutionary army defeats British forces at Battle of Princeton, New Jersey

    Danish national anthem "Kong Kristian. " 1st sung France, the United Kingdom, and Austria form an alliance against Russia and Prussia

Event of Interest

1823 Stephen F. Austin receives a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico.

    Scottish factory owner Robert Owen buys 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community 1st US building & loan association organized, Frankford, Penn Britain seizes control of Falkland Islands in South Atlantic The government of Mexico imprisons Stephen F. Austin in Mexico City. 1st deep sea sounding by James Clark Ross in south Atlantic at 2425 fathoms (14,450 feet)

Event of Interest

1842 Charles Dickens and his wife Catherine leave Liverpool, England for America on board the RMS Britannia

    Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Don Pasquale" premieres in Paris Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia. 1st Chinese arrive in Hawaii Solomon Northup is freed after 7 illegal years in slavery with aid of Washington Hunt, Governor of New York Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy US Fort Pulaski and Fort Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia

Event of Interest

1862 Romney Campaign: Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester

Brooklyn Bridge Opens

1870 Construction begins on New York's Brooklyn Bridge completed May 24, 1883

Event of Interest

1889 German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche suffers a mental breakdown after supposedly witnessing a horse flogging

Event of Interest

1893 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's final opera "Iolanta", is first performed outside of Russia in Hamburg, Germany

    Emperor Wilhelm congratulates President Kruger on the Jameson Raid 1st known use of the word "automobile", appears in an editorial in The New York Times

Theater Premiere

1900 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Schluck und Jau," premieres in Berlin

    Due to a bad pitch Australian batsman Reggie Duff is held back to No. 10 on Test debut v England at MCG scores 104 British miners strike for 8 hour working day US postal savings bank inaugurated The Government of India announces that emigration to Natal, Southern Africa, is prohibited with effect from 1 July The Russian Turkestan city of Almaty is destroyed by a magnitude 7.7 earthquake

Liberty Bell

1912 Southern Pacific RR offers to bring Liberty Bell to the Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco free

    Kelman/Cushing/Heath' musical "Sari," premieres in NYC US Employment Service opens as a unit of the Department of Labor

Event of Interest

1919 Herbert Hoover is placed in charge of war relief in Europe

    The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement, which was a short-lived agreement for the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, is signed by the King of Iraq and the President of the World Zionist Organization

Event of Interest

Agreement of Interest

1920 Boston Red Sox baseball club owner Harry Frazee announces agreement to sell slugger Babe Ruth to the New York Yankees for $125,000 in cash and a $350,000 loan start of the 84 year "Curse of the Bambino"

    Turkey makes peace with Armenia 1st living person identified on a US coin (Thomas E Kirby) on the Alabama Centennial half-dollar

Event of Interest

1925 Benito Mussolini dissolves the Italian parliament and proclaims himself dictator of Italy, taking the title "Il Duce" (the Leader)

    Greek gen Theodorus Pangulos names himself dictator 27 year old William S Paley becomes CBS president

Event of Interest

1929 Australian cricket icon Don Bradman follows up a 1st innings of 79 to score 112 in 3rd Test v England in Melbourne his 1st of 29 Test centuries

    Montreal Maroons centre Nels Stewart scores fastest 2 goals in NHL history with a pair 4 seconds apart in a 5-3 win over Boston Bruins at Montreal Arena Martial law is declared in Honduras to stop revolt by banana workers fired by United Fruit. Minnie D. Craig becomes the first female elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first female to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States.

Polio

1938 March of Dimes established to fight polio

Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
    Gene Cox becomes 1st girl page in US House of Representatives WPG-AM in Atlantic City NJ consolidates with WBIL & WOV as "new" WOV Canada & US acquire air bases in Newfoundland (99 yr lease) Italian counter offensive in Albania Sergei Rachmaninov's "Symphonic Dances" premieres in Philadelphia American National Collegiate Football Rules Committee announces a new rule permitting free substitution of players American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command forms 1st missing persons telecast (NYC)

Event of Interest

1945 British Premier Winston Churchill visits France

    Cato-Meridian School, New York, installs germicidal lamps in every room Greek General Plastiras forms government John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in NYC US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa

Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1945 Admiral Chester Nimitz begins planning assaults on Okinawa and Iwo Jima in Japan

Event of Interest

1946 As a reward for his wartime cooperation, Governor Thomas E. Dewey commutes Charles "Lucky" Luciano's pandering sentence on condition that he does not resist deportation to Italy

    1st opening session of Congress to be televised William Dawson becomes 1st black to head congressional committee Australian cricket batting maestro Don Bradman completes dual Test centuries (132 & 127* [26th Test 100]) in 3rd Test v India in Melbourne "Colgate Theater" dramatic anthology series premieres on NBC TV The central bank of the Philippines, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, is founded West Indian cricket batsman Everton Weekes scores 101 in 3rd Test against India in Calcutta his world record fifth consecutive Test century 9 Jewish Kremlin physicians "exposed" as British/US agents "Dragnet" with Jack Webb premieres on NBC TV Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.

Election of Interest

1961 Adam Clayton Powell Jr. elected Chairman of US House Education and Labor Committee

    US breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba An explosion at the Nuclear Reactor Testing Station in Idaho Falls kills three operators Ground is broken for the Houston Astrodome

Excommunication

Event of Interest

1964 Jack Paar Show, shows a clip of the Beatles singing "She Loves You"

    Floyd B McKissick, named national director of CORE "The Tonight Show" is shortened from 105 to 90 minutes Carl Wilson of the Beach Boys is indicted for draft evasion WJAN TV channel 17 in Canton, OH (IND) begins broadcasting

Event of Interest

1969 John Lennon's "2 Virgins" album declared pornographic in NJ

    Rep Adam Clayton Powell Jr seated by Congress "Jimmy" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 84 performances

AFC Championship

1971 1st AFC Championship, Memorial Stadium, Baltimore: Baltimore Colts beat Oakland Raiders, 27-17

    1st NFC Championship, Kezar Stadium, SF: Dallas Cowboys beat San Francisco 49ers, 17-10 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) explodes a bomb in Callender Street, Belfast, injuring over 60 people

Australian Men's Tennis Open

1972 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Ken Rosewall retains title for his 4th overall Australian crown beats fellow Australian Mal Anderson 7-6, 6-3, 7-5

Event of Interest

1973 A 12-man syndicate led by Michael Burke and George Steinbrenner III buys MLB's New York Yankees from CBS for US$10 million

    Arias Navarro succeeds Carrero Blanco as Premier of Spain Burma accepts its constitution Gold hits record $121.25 an ounce in London Miguel Pinero's "Short Eyes," premieres in NYC US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site Australian Open Women's Tennis: Australian Evonne Goolagong Cawley beats Renata Tomanova of Czechoslovakia 6-2, 6-2 for her 3rd straight home singles title

Event of Interest

1977 Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs incorporate Apple Computer, Inc

    Former Home Secretary Roy Jenkins announces his intention to be Britain's first President of the European Commission "The Police Tapes" premiere on New York City TV station WNET, based somewhat on 1960s NYPD officers who worked in its South Bronx Indian cricket spin bowler B. S. Chandrasekhar becomes first in Test history to register identical figures in both innings (6 for 52) in Indian innings win over Australia in 3rd Test in Melbourne

Australian Men's Tennis Open

1979 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Guillermo Vilas of Argentina wins 3rd Grand Slam title beats Australian John Marks 6-4, 6-4, 3-6, 6-3

    Gold hits record $634 an ounce Babrak Karmal defends the Soviet-backed coup in first public appearance since taking power as President of Afghanistan NBA's Cleveland Cavaliers retire jersey # 34, Austin Carr Australian cricket captain Greg Chappell scores a masterly 204 v India in the 1st Test in Sydney home side wins by an innings and 4 runs

Australian Open Women's Tennis

1981 Australian Open Women's Tennis: Czech teenager Hana Mandlíková wins her 1st of 4 career Grand Slam singles titles beats home favourite Wendy Turnbull 6-0, 7-5

Event of Interest

1981 American golfer Johnny Miller wins the sport's first $1 million tournament when he beats Seve Ballesteros of Spain in a playoff in the inaugural Million Dollar World Challenge at Sun City, South Africa

    Australian Open Men's Tennis: South African Johan Kriek wins first career Grand Slam title beats American Steve Denton 6-2, 7-6, 6-7, 6-4 Dallas running back Tony Dorsett sets NFL record with 99-yard rush in the Cowboys' 31-27 defeat at Minnesota Vikings Syria frees captured US pilot after appeal from Jesse Jackson Future Indian cricket captain Mohammad Azharuddin scores 110 on debut in drawn 3rd Test against England in Kolkata Israel government confirms resettlement of 10,000 Ethiopian Jews

Event of Interest

1985 Mitch McConnell becomes Senator of Kentucky

Event of Interest

1985 Leontyne Price makes her final operatic appearance in a televised performance of "Aida" at the Metropolitan Opera, New York.

    "Oh Coward!" closes at Helen Hayes Theater NYC after 56 performances "Smile" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 48 performances

Hall of Fame

1987 Aretha Franklin is the first female artist to be inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame

Event of Interest

1988 Margaret Thatcher becomes longest-serving British PM this century

Event of Interest

1990 Panama's leader General Manuel Noriega surrenders to US authorities

Event of Interest

1991 Wayne Gretzky becomes fastest and youngest player in NHL history to score 700 goals (886 games at age 29 years, 342 days) in LA Kings’ 6-3 win over the NY Islanders at the Nassau Veteran Memorial Coliseum

    8 Iraqi embassy officials are expelled from the UK 32 Cubans defect to the US via helicopter Australian cricket batsman David Boon scores an unbeaten 129 in drawn 3rd Test against India in Sydney his 11th Test century Hopman Cup Tennis, Perth: Jakob Hlasek beats Karel Nováček of Czechoslovakia 6-4, 6-4 for a 2-0 lead (ends 2-1) and Switzerland's first title English club Wigan pays Widnes a world record rugby league transfer fee of £440,000 for Great Britain international winger Martin Offiah "Catskills on Broadway" closes at Lunt-Fontanne NYC after 452 performances "Christmas Carol" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 22 performances "Lost in Yonkers" closes at Richard Rodgers NYC after 780 performances Musical "Secret Garden" closes at St James Theater NYC after 706 performances "Tommy Tune Tonite!" closes at Gershwin NYC after 10 performances Michael Milkin, the "junk bond king", is released from jail after 22 months "The Comeback", QB Frank Reich leads Buffalo Bills back from a 32-point deficit, to defeat the Houston Oilers 41-38 in overtime in a wild card playoff game, the greatest comeback ever in NFL history

Treaty of Interest

1993 In Moscow, the Start II arms reduction treaty is signed by George H. W. Bush (USA) and Boris Yeltsin (Russia)

    "Gray's Anatomy" closes at Beaumont Theater NYC after 13 performances 100s killed in Venezuela in prison revolt Tupolev-154M crashes at Irkutsk, Siberia: 122 killed 35-foot-tall Chief Wahoo, trademark of Indians on top of Stadium since 1962, is taken down, to be moved to Jacob's Field

Event of Interest

1994 Restoration of South African citizenship, announced on 15 December 1993 by the South African parliament led by President F. W. de Klerk, becomes effective four months before the first South Africa non-racial polls of 27 April, 1994

    Steve Young of the San Francisco 49ers becomes first quarterback to win 3 straight NFL passing titles despite a 37-34 OT loss to the Philadelphia Eagles first to lodge 3 consecutive passer ratings of 100+ 1st clamshell flip mobile phone, the Motorola StarTAC, goes on sale. Eventually 60 million are sold. Bryant Gumbel co-hosted his final "Today" show on NBC-TV Zimbabwe cricket fast bowler Eddo Brandes takes ODI hat-trick as home team scores another upset against England, winning by 131 runs and sweeping series, 3-0 in Harare The People's Republic of China announces it will spend $US27.7 billion to fight erosion and pollution in the Yangtze and Yellow river valleys Texas-El Paso head basketball coach Don Haskins becomes 10th coach in NCAA Division I history to record 700 career wins when the Miners edge SMU, 66-64 "Side Show," closes at Richard Rodgers NYC after 91 performances Grandpa Jones suffers a stroke Los Angeles Clippers Bill Fitch coaches his 2,000th NBA game, a 97-88 win against the Dallas Mavericks at the LA Memorial Sports Arena Israel detains, and later expels, 14 members of Concerned Christians. NASA's Mars Polar Lander launched, mission later fails after communication lost trying to land on Mars (Dec 3 1999) The Palestinian freighter Karine A is seized by Israeli forces in the Red Sea Panthers kicker John Kasay ties NFL-playoff record with 5 field goals to lead Carolina to a 29-10 win over Dallas Cowboys in the Wild Card round of playoffs in Charlotte, North Carolina Flight 604, a Boeing 737 owned by Flash Airlines, an Egyptian airliner, plunges into the Red Sea, killing all 148 people on board.

Event of Interest

2004 After hosting the show for over 30 years, Casey Kasem gives up the hosting duties of "American Top 40" to Ryan Seacrest


Historical Events on January 18

    Emperor Huizong abdicates the Chinese throne in favour of his son Qinzong German king Albrecht I makes his son Rudolf King of Bohemia Grand Duke Ivan II of Moscow occupies Novgorod

Event of Interest

1520 Christian II of Denmark & Norway defeats Swedes at Lake Asunde

New Settlement

1535 Francisco Pizarro founds the city of Lima in Peru

    The Council of Trent is reopened by Pope Pius IV for its third (and final) session King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat, date is now observed as Royal Thai Armed Forces day Perplexed Pilgrims in Boston reported America's 1st UFO sighting French Prince Louis II of Condé captured

Event of Interest

1691 English King William III travels to The Hague

    Frederick I and Sophie Charlotte of Hanover crowned king and queen of Prussia 1st polar bear exhibited in America in Boston

Event of Interest

1778 Captain James Cook stumbles over Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands)

Appointment of Interest

1779 John Dickinson is appointed a delegate for Delaware to the Continental Congress

    First elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrives at Botany Bay to set up a penal colony French admitted to Amsterdam without resistance Governor and Viceroy Willem V flees Scheveningen to England

Event of Interest

1817 José de San Martín leads a revolutionary army over the Andes to attack Spanish royalists in Chile

    The Electro-Magnet, and Mechanics Intelligencer, 1st US electrical journal, appears British blockade Piraeus, Greece, to enforce mercantile claims Filibuster William Walker proclaims Republic of Sonora in NW Mexico Confederate Territory of Arizona forms Battle of Ft Moultrie, South Carolina Wesley College is established in Melbourne Elegant California Theater opens in San Francisco

The German Empire

1871 Second German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Otto von Bismarck

    General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Iesu Grist (Welsh for Jesus Christ) Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England 1st demonstration of an X-ray machine in US (NYC)

Catholic Encyclical

1901 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Graves De Communi Re

    Despite reports that favor the US building a route through Nicaragua for a canal, a 'supplementary report' recommends the route through Panama The first transatlantic radio transmission to originate in the United States is sent by a transmitter in Massachusetts French government of Combes falls Frederick Delius' "Brigg Fair" premieres in London 1st shipboard landing of a plane (Tanforan Park to USS Pennsylvania) Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy Train crashes at Colima-Guadalajara Mexico, about 600 die Japan issues the "Twenty-One Demands" to the Republic of China in a bid to increase its power in East Asia. A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite stikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri Bentley Motors Limited is founded by Walter Owen Bentley in London, England The Paris peace conference (aka the Versailles peace conference) opens to draw up the treaties formally ending the Great War (WWI)

Event of Interest

1919 Composer and musician Ignacy Jan Paderewski becomes Polish Prime Minister

    William Archer's "Green Goddess" premieres in NYC Irish author Liam O'Flaherty & others occupy Rotunda in Dublin 1st radio telegraph message from Netherlands to Dutch East Indies

Catholic Encyclical

1924 Pope Pius XI's encyclical Maximam gravissimamque

Music Premiere

1930 Dmitri Shostakovich's satirical opera "The Nose" premieres in Leningrad

Event of Interest

1934 Eugene O'Neill's "Days Without End" premieres in NYC

    Pitcher Grover Cleveland Alexander is elected to Baseball Hall of Fame World War II: A counter-offensive is launched by the British against the Italians in East Africa Nazis arrest Frans Goedhart & Wiardi Beckman

Siege of Leningrad

1943 Soviets announce they have broken the long siege of Leningrad by Nazi Germany by opening a narrow land corridor, though the siege would not be fully lifted until a year later

    US rations bread & metal - banning presliced bread reduce bakery demand for metal parts 1st Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts

Music Concert

1944 The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time - performers include Louis Armstrong, Billie Holiday, Lionel Hampton, Mildred Bailey, Red Norvo, Roy Eldridge, Jack Teagarden, and Benny Goodman, via remote hook-up. [1]

    Soviet Armed Forces enter Krakow, Poland and push Germans out, only to eventually occupy entire country "Red Mill" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 831 performances

Contract of Interest

1947 Detroit Tigers sell Hank Greenberg to Pirates (for $25-35,000)

    Small river steamer sinks on Yangtze River, kills 400 1st courses begin at University of Ibadan, Nigeria Ted Mack's "Original Amateur Hour" begins, DuMont (later NBC/ABC/CBS) "They Stand Accused" courtroom drama premieres on CBS (later DuMont) 1st US Congressional standing committee headed by Negro (W Dawson)

NBA All-Star Game

1955 5th NBA All-Star Game, Madison Square Garden NYC: East beats West, 100-91 MVP: Bill Sharman, Boston Celtics, G

    German Democratic Republic (East Germany) forms own army (National People's Army) 3 B-52's set record for around-the-world flight, 45 hr 19 min Willie O’Ree is the 1st African-American to appear in the NHL, making his debut for the Boston Bruins in a 3-0 victory in Montreal US & Japan sign joint defense treaty Capital Airlines Flight 20 crashes in Virginia, killing all 50 people on-board Zanzibar's Afro-Shirazi party wins 1 seat by a single vote & parliament by a single seat Southern University closed due to demonstrations US begins spraying foliage in Vietnam to reveal Viet Cong guerrillas US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of Interest

1963 Al Davis becomes the head coach and general manager of the Oakland Raiders

    The Beatles make their first appearance on US Billboard Chart with single "I Want to Hold Your Hand" at #45 Plans for World Trade Center announced (NYC) H L de Vries appointed Dutch governor of Suriname Robert C Weaver, confirmed as 1st black cabinet member (HUD)

NHL All-Star Game

1967 20th NHL All-Star Game, Montreal Forum, Montreal, QC: Montreal Canadiens beat All-Stars, 3-0 MVP: Henri Richard, Montreal, C

    Albert DeSalvo (Boston Strangler) sentenced to life in prison US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site "Happy Time" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 286 performances Hester & Appolinar's musical "Your Own Thing" premieres in NYC USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR Expanded 4 party Vietnam peace talks began in Paris United Airlines Flight 266 crashes into Santa Monica Bay, killing all 38 people on-board Hasse Borjes skates world record 500m in 38.9 sec

NFL Pro Bowl

1970 20th NFL Pro Bowl, LA Memorial Coliseum: West beats East, 16-13 MVPs: Gale Sayers, Chicago Bears, HB George Andrie, Dallas Cowboys, DE

Meeting of Interest

1971 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark meets British Home Secretary Reginald Maudling

    Prime Minister of Northern Ireland Brian Faulkner bans all parades and marches in Northern Ireland until the end of the year Garfield Todd, former Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia and his daughter Judith, supporters of black majority rule in the country, are arrested

NBA All-Star Game

1972 22nd NBA All Star Game, The Forum, Inglewood, Ca: West beats East, 112-110: MVP: Jerry West, LA Lakers, G, hits a last-second, 20-foot game-winning jumper

    Boston Red Sox sign Orlando Cepeda as 1st player signed as a DH Islanders break 12 game losing streak, 20 game road winless streak

Event of Interest

1973 John Cleese's final episode on "Monty Python's Flying Circus" on BBC TV

    "$6 Million Man" starring Lee Majors premieres on ABC TV Israel & Egypt sign weapons accord "The Jeffersons" spinoff from "All in the Family" premieres on CBS Super Bowl X, Miami Orange Bowl, Miami, FL: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Dallas Cowboys, 21-17 MVP: Lynn Swann, Pittsburgh, WR

Event of Interest

1977 Pakistan cricket all-rounder Imran Khan takes 6 for 63 in the Australian 2nd innings for a match total of 12 to lead his side to an easy 8 wicket 3rd Test win in Sydney

    Scientists identify a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires' disease. Australia's worst rail disaster occurs in Sydney, killing 83 people Geoff Boycott captains England for the 1st time, v Pakistan at Karachi Roof of 3-yr-old Civic Center in Hartford, Connecticut collapses (no injuries) Thiokol conducts 2nd test firing of space shuttle's SRB Peter Jenkins finishes "A Walk Across America" at Florence, Oregon Gold reaches $1,000 an ounce

#1 in the Charts

    Studio 54 owners Steve Rubell & Ian Schrager sentenced to 3½ years in prison for tax evasion & fined $20,000 Iran accepts US offer of $7.9 billion in frozen assets Punk singer Wendy O. Williams arrested in Milwaukee for on-stage obscenity (later cleared)

Event of Interest

1981 Swedish tennis star Björn Borg claims his second straight ATP Masters Grand Prix title with a 6–4, 6–2, 6–2 win over Ivan Lendl at Madison Square Garden, NYC

Event of Interest

1983 IOC restores Jim Thorpe's Olympic medals (Pentathlon & Decathlon victories) 70 years after they were taken from him for being paid $25 in semi-pro baseball

    Dick Motta becomes the 5th NBA coach to record 600 wins as his Dallas Mavericks defeat the Golden State Warriors, 112-102 in Oakland 80th Islander & 3rd dual hat trick (Carroll & Bossy) 9-1 win US renounces jurisdiction of World Court despite previous promise 24th Space Shuttle (61-C) Mission-Columbia 7-returns to Earth AIDS charity record "That's What Friends are For" hits #1 NY Lotto pays $30.5 million to one winner (#s are 19-20-27-34-41-46) 3rd Soap Opera Digest Awards - Days of Our Lives wins Airliner crashes in SW China, killing all 108 on board Astronomers discover pulsar in remnants of Supernova 1987A (LMC) IBM announces earnings up 10.4% in 1988 West Indies beat Australia in a rain-affected 3rd final in Sydney to win cricket's World Series Cup Tri-Series, 2-1 match reduced to 18 overs South Africa says it is reconsidering ban on African National Congress Washington, D.C., Mayor Marion Barry arrested in drug enforcement sting Iraq launches SCUD missiles against Israel

Event of Interest

1991 US acknowledges CIA and US Army paid Manuel Noriega $320,000 over his career


Activities (1)

Old Calendar: St. Raymund of Penafort, confessor St. Emerentiana, virgin and martyr St. John the Almoner (hist)

St. Vincent of Saragossa, one of the greatest deacons of the Church, suffered martyrdom in Valencia in the persecution under Diocletian. He was born in Huesca, Spain.

According to the 1962 Missal of St. John XXIII today is the feast of St. Raymond of Penafort which is now celebrated on January 7 on the General Roman Calendar. It is also the commemoration of St. Emerentiana whose veneration is connected with that of St. Agnes. She was venerated at Rome not far from the basilica of St. Agnes-Outside-the-Walls on the via Nomentana. The acts of St. Agnes make Emerentiana her foster sister according to this source, while still a catechumen she was stoned at the tomb of the youthful martyr where she had gone to pray.

St. Vincent of Saragossa
Vincent of Saragossa was one of the Church's three most illustrious deacons, the other two being Stephen and Lawrence. He is also Spain's most renowned martyr. Ordained deacon by Bishop Valerius of Saragossa, he was taken in chains to Valencia during the Diocletian persecution and put to death. From legend we have the following details of his martyrdom. After brutal scourging in the presence of many witnesses, he was stretched on the rack but neither torture nor blandishments nor threats could undermine the strength and courage of his faith. Next, he was cast on a heated grating, lacerated with iron hooks, and seared with hot metal plates. Then he was returned to prison, where the floor was heavily strewn with pieces of broken glass. A heavenly brightness flooded the entire dungeon, filling all who saw it with greatest awe.

After this he was placed on a soft bed in the hope that lenient treatment would induce apostasy, since torture had proven ineffective. But strengthened by faith in Christ Jesus and the hope of everlasting life, Vincent maintained an invincible spirit and overcame all efforts, whether by fire, sword, rack, or torture to induce defection. He persevered to the end and gained the heavenly crown of martyrdom. —The Church's Year of Grace, Pius Parsch

Patron: Portugal vine dressers vinegar makers vintners wine growers wine makers.

Symbols: Deacon holding a ewer deacon holding several ewers and a book deacon with a raven deceased deacon whose body is being defended by ravens deacon being torn by hooks deacon holding a millstone.

  • Read this account of St. Vincent's martyrdom.
  • Pray to St. Vincent for those ordained deacons in the Church, especially those in your own parish.
  • Read Acts of the Apostles 6:1-7 to discover the role of deacons in the early Church.
  • Cook a Spanish dish in honor of St. Vincent.

St. Marianne Cope
St. Marianne Cope was born in western Germany in 1838. She entered religious life in Syracuse, N.Y. in 1862. She served as a teacher and principal in several schools in the state and established two of the first hospitals in the central New York area: St. Elizabeth Hospital in Utica and St. Joseph’s Hospital in Syracuse.

In 1883, Mother Marianne’s community was the only one of fifty to respond positively to an emissary from Hawaii who requested Catholic sisters to provide health care on the Hawaiian Islands, especially to those with leprosy.

Over the next five years, St. Marianne set up a system of long-term education and care for her patients.

She ministered to patients at Kalaupapa on the island of Molokai. Her time of service overlapped with the last years of St. Damien of Molokai, a priest who served victims of Hansen’s disease and himself died of leprosy.

St. Marianne promised her sisters that none of them would ever contract the disease. To this day, no sister has. Her care earned her the affectionate title “beloved mother of the outcasts.”

She died in 1918 and was beatified on May 14, 2005 and canonized on October 21, 2012, both by Pope Benedict XVI.

"At a time when little could be done for those suffering from this terrible disease, Marianne Cope showed the highest love, courage and enthusiasm," Pope Benedict XVI said in his homily during the Mass for her canonization. "She is a shining and energetic example of the best of the tradition of Catholic nursing sisters and of the spirit of her beloved Saint Francis."

    For more information on St. Marianne Cope visit Hawaii Magazine and the Vatican

St. Emerentiana
St. Emerentiana was a Roman virgin, the foster sister of St. Agnes who died at Rome in the third century. Already as a catechumen she was conspicuous for her faith and love of Christ. One day she boldly upbraided the idolaters for their violent attacks on the Christians. The enraged mob retaliated by pelting her with stones. She died in the Lord praying at the tomb of St. Agnes, baptized in her own blood.

A church was built over her grave which, according to the Itineraries, was near the church erected over the place of burial of St. Agnes, and somewhat farther from the city wall. In reality Emerentiana was interred in the coemeterium majus located in this vicinity not far from the coemeterium Agnetis.

Patron: Those who suffer from digestive disorders.

Symbols: Young girl with stones in her lap, usually holding a palm or lily.

St. John the Almoner
St. John was married, but when his wife and two children died he considered it a call from God to lead a perfect life. He began to give away all he possessed in alms, and became known throughout the East as the Almoner. He was appointed Patriarch of Alexandria but before he would take possession of his see he told his servants to go over the town and bring him a list of his lords-meaning the poor. They brought word that there were seventy-five hundred of them, and these he undertook to feed every day.

On Wednesday and Friday in every week he sat on a bench before the church, to hear the complaints of the needy and aggrieved nor would he permit his servants to taste food until their wrongs were redressed. The fear of death was ever before him, and he never spoke an idle word. He turned those out of church whom he saw talking, and forbade all detractors to enter his house. He left seventy churches in Alexandria, where he had found but seven.

A merchant received from St. John five pounds weight of gold to buy merchandise. Having suffered shipwreck and lost all, he had again recourse to John, who said, "Some of your merchandise was ill-gotten," and gave him ten pounds more but the next voyage he lost ship as well as goods. John then said, "The ship was wrongfully acquired. Take fifteen pounds of gold, buy corn with it, and put it on one of my ships." This time the merchant was carried by the winds without his own knowledge to England, where there was a famine and he sold the corn for its weight in tin, and on his return he found the tin changed to finest silver.


Toy company Wham-O produces first Frisbees

On January 23, 1957, machines at the Wham-O toy company roll out the first batch of their aerodynamic plastic discs—now known to millions of fans all over the world as Frisbees.

The story of the Frisbee began in Bridgeport, Connecticut, where William Frisbie opened the Frisbie Pie Company in 1871. Students from nearby universities would throw the empty pie tins to each other, yelling 𠇏risbie!” as they let go. In 1948, Walter Frederick Morrison and his partner Warren Franscioni invented a plastic version of the disc called the 𠇏lying Saucer” that could fly further and more accurately than the tin pie plates. After splitting with Franscioni, Morrison made an improved model in 1955 and sold it to the new toy company Wham-O as the “Pluto Platter”𠄺n attempt to cash in on the public craze over space and Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOs).

In 1958, a year after the toy’s first release, Wham-O—the company behind such top-sellers as the Hula-Hoop, the Super Ball and the Water Wiggle𠅌hanged its name to the Frisbee disc, misspelling the name of the historic pie company. A company designer, Ed Headrick, patented the design for the modern Frisbee in December 1967, adding a band of raised ridges on the disc’s surface�lled the Rings–to stabilize flight. By aggressively marketing Frisbee-playing as a new sport, Wham-O sold over 100 million units of its famous toy by 1977.

High school students in Maplewood, New Jersey, invented Ultimate Frisbee, a cross between football, soccer and basketball, in 1967. In the 1970s, Headrick himself invented Frisbee Golf, in which discs are tossed into metal baskets there are now hundreds of courses in the U.S., with millions of devotees. There is also Freestyle Frisbee, with choreographed routines set to music and multiple discs in play, and various Frisbee competitions for both humans and dogs–the best natural Frisbee players.

Today, at least 60 manufacturers produce the flying discs—generally made out of plastic and measuring roughly 20-25 centimeters (8-10 inches) in diameter with a curved lip. The official Frisbee is owned by Mattel Toy Manufacturers, who bought the toy from Wham-O in 1994.


January 2014 Current Events: World News

Here are the key events in world news for the month of January 2014.

Protests in Ukraine Continue (Jan.): Massive protests in Ukraine continue throughout January 2014. (Jan. 16): Parliament hastily passes sweeping measures that stifle protesters and demonstrations. The protests then turn violent, with demonstrators attacking police. Five protesters are killed in the battles with police. Yanukovich agrees to meet with opposition leaders, but the negotiations only produce threats. As the protests spread to cities across the country, Yanukovich offers to install opposition leader Arseniy Yatsenyuk as prime minster. He heads the Fatherland Party, which is also the party of jailed former prime minister Yulia Tymoshenko. Yanukovich offers the post of vice prime minister to another opposition leader, Vitaly Klitschko. Both refuse the offer, saying the moves only further entrenched Yankovich. (Jan. 28): Yanukovich reverses the ban on protests.

Sunni Militants Claim Falluja, parts of Ramadi (Jan. 3): The Islamic State in Iraq and Syria take control of Falluja and most of Ramadi, both cities in Anbar Province that are Sunni strongholds and were major battlegrounds during the U.S.-led war in Iraq.

Another Bombing and Suspicious Deaths Heighten Fears Ahead of Olympics (Jan. 8): Another bomb explodes and suspicious deaths occur in Russia's Stavropol territory, which borders the province where the Winter Olympics will be held next month. A bomb inside a vehicle explodes. One person is in the car at the time of the explosion. Two other bodies are found nearby. (Jan. 9): Explosive material is found in another vehicle along with the bodies of three men. Russian authorities are investigating all six deaths.

Former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon Dies (Jan. 11): Israel's former Prime Minister Ariel Sharon dies. The official cause of death is heart failure, although Sharon had been in a coma since suffering a stroke on January 4, 2006.

UN-Led Negotiations Begin in Geneva (Jan. 22): Much-anticipated negotiations brokered by the UN between the Syrian government, members of the opposition, the U.S., Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and Russia begin in Switzerland. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon invites Iran at the last minute but then quickly uninvites Syria's closest ally when it refuses to accept terms of the talks requiring Assad to step aside and allow for the formation of a transition government. While there is little hope for a peace agreement, just getting the parties to the table is considered progress.

Li, Wawrinka Win the Australian Open (Jan. 25?26): Li Na of China beats Slovakia's Dominika Cibulkova, 7?6, 6?0 to win her first Australian Open Women's Singles Championship. Switzerland's Stanislas Wawrinka beats Rafael Nadal of Spain, 6-3, 6-2, 3-6, 6-3 to take his first Men's Singles Championship. This Australian Open has been memorable for its severe temperatures and several upsets.


Adolf Hitler commits suicide in his underground bunker

On April 30, 1945, holed up in a bunker under his headquarters in Berlin, Adolf Hitler commits suicide by swallowing a cyanide capsule and shooting himself in the head. Soon after, Germany unconditionally surrendered to the Allied forces, ending Hitler’s dreams of a 𠇁,000-year” Reich.

Since at least 1943, it was becoming increasingly clear that Germany would fold under the pressure of the Allied forces. In February of that year, the German 6th Army, lured deep into the Soviet Union, was annihilated at the Battle of Stalingrad, and German hopes for a sustained offensive on both fronts evaporated. Then, in June 1944, the Western Allied armies landed at Normandy, France, and began systematically to push the Germans back toward Berlin. By July 1944, several German military commanders acknowledged their imminent defeat and plotted to remove Hitler from power so as to negotiate a more favorable peace. Their attempts to assassinate Hitler failed, however, and in his reprisals, Hitler executed over 4,000 fellow countrymen.

In January 1945, facing a siege of Berlin by the Soviets, Hitler withdrew to his bunker to live out his final days. Located 55 feet under the chancellery, the shelter contained 18 rooms and was fully self-sufficient, with its own water and electrical supply. Though he was growing increasingly mad, Hitler continued to give orders and meet with such close subordinates as Hermann Goering, Heinrich Himmler and Josef Goebbels. He also married his long-time mistress Eva Braun just one day before his suicide.


The invention of “American Cheese”.

The man who invented ‘American Cheese’ was born on this day in 1874 on a farm near Stevensville, Ontario . Why did this Canadian call his cheese ‘American’? Was he honouring the country that enabled him to make his fortune? Or was it some sort of ethnic slur/joke against the folk across the border from his birthplace (like ‘Welch Rabbit’ is in England ? You decide which of these applied to James Lewis Kraft’s patented processed cheese - made from genuine milk solids, all pesky bacteria and mould killed, and virtually guaranteed not to spoil.

Kraft moved to Chicago in 1903 with $65 in his pocket and started peddling cheese from the back of a wagon. The problem is, the very nature of cheese makes it prone to spoilage (and this applied especially in summer in the days before refrigeration). There is a fine line between a perfectly aged cheese and a spoiled cheese and a spoiled cheese means loss of profit. Kraft was not a scientist, but he tried various ways around the problem – including canning. Shredding and heat-sterilising cheese solves the spoilage problem (or the ageing virtue, if you want to look at it that way), and the addition of emulsifiers stops the separation of fat from solid. If this mixture is then canned it will keep virtually indefinitely. This is what Kraft did – naming it ‘American Cheese’ for reasons which I have not been able to establish – and he patented the method in 1916.

Sterilised emulsified canned cheese may be absolutely consistent and may keep forever, but a lot of folk feel that it is bland and – well, just ‘aint cheese. Kraft’s timing however was perfect. One organisation that does not care a hoot about flavour but cares a lot of hoots about durability in food is the military. Six million pounds of his cheese ended up in ration packs during World War I soldiers developed a taste for it (or at least a familiarity with it), it remained relatively cheap during the Great Depression, and Kraft’s name became famous, or to some – infamous, on account of its synonymity with “not cheese”.

Here is an American World War I recipe that uses cheese – no cheese specified, but presumably “real” as it is grated. It would have been a perfect recipe for a meatless day, and comes from Farmers’ Bulletin 487.

Corn and Cheese Souffle.
1 tablespoon of butter
1 tablespoon of chopped green pepper
¼ cupful of flour
2 cupfuls of milk
1 cupful of chopped corn
1 cupful of grated cheese
3 eggs
½ teaspoon of salt.
Melt the butter and cook the pepper thoroughly in it. Make a sauce out of the flour, milk, and cheese add the corn, cheese, yolks, and seasoning. Cut and fold in the egg whites beaten stiff turn it into a buttered baking dish and bake in a moderate oven 30 minutes.
Made with skimmed milk and without butter, this dish has a food value slightly in excess of a pound of beef and a pound of potatoes.

An Enchanting Christmas Pudding.

If antiquity be the only test of nobility, then cheese is a very noble thing … The lineage of cheese is demonstrably beyond all record. Hilaire Belloc (1870-1953)


January 2014 Current Events: U.S. News

Here are the key events in United States news for the month of January 2014.

Yellen Confirmed as Federal Reserve Chairman (Jan. 6): The United States Senate confirms American economist Janet Yellen as the 15th Chairman of the Federal Reserve. Yellen, the current vice-chairman, will be the first woman to hold the position. She takes office on February 1, 2014.

Same-Sex Marriages Blocked in Utah (Jan. 6): The United States Supreme Court blocks any further same-sex marriages while Utah officials appeal the decision made by Judge Shelby in December 2013. The block creates legal limbo for the 1,300 same-sex couples who have received marriage licenses since Judge Shelby's ruling. (Jan. 10): The Obama administration announces that the federal government will recognize the marriages of the 1,300 same-sex couples in Utah even though the state government has currently decided not to do so. In a video announcement on the Justice Department website, Attorney General Eric Holder says, "I am confirming today that, for purposes of federal law, these marriages will be recognized as lawful and considered eligible for all relevant federal benefits on the same terms as other same-sex marriages. These families should not be asked to endure uncertainty regarding their status as the litigation unfolds." With federal approval, same-sex couples will be able to receive spousal benefits, like health insurance for federal employees and filing joint federal income tax returns.

Gov. Christie Pulled into Bridge Scandal (Jan. 8): Emails and texts prove that Bridget Anne Kelly, a deputy chief of staff to Governor Chris Christie, ordered the two lanes closed on the George Washington Bridge near Fort Lee, New Jersey in September 2013. The emails and texts show that the order was to punish Fort Lee's mayor for not endorsing Christie in the re-election. The emails go on to show that Christie's staff was happy about the chaos and traffic that the lane closings caused. Christie denies knowledge of the emails and blames his staff. The emails prove that Christie's staff was directly involved, something that he repeatedly denied in the past weeks. After the emails and texts are released, Christie says in a statement, ""I am outraged and deeply saddened to learn that not only was I misled by a member of my staff, but this completely inappropriate and unsanctioned conduct was made without my knowledge. One thing is clear: This type of behavior is unacceptable, and I will not tolerate it because the people of New Jersey deserve better. This behavior is not representative of me or my administration in any way, and people will be held responsible for their actions."

Chemical Spill Causes Water Ban in West Virginia (Jan. 10): After a chemical spill at a plant, 300,000 residents in West Virginia are asked not to drink the tap water. Local health officials say that water should only be used for flushing toilets or putting out fires. The chemical spill is of Crude MCHM or 4-Methylcyclohexane Methanol, a coal industry chemical, and originated at Freedom Industries, a Charleston company that produces chemicals for cement, steel and mining industries. The chemical is not highly lethal. In a televised news conference, West Virginia American Water Company President Jeff McIntyre says, "We don't know that the water's not safe, but I can't say it is safe." Both Gov. Earl Ray Tomblin and President Barack Obama issue a state of emergency for the nine counties affected by the spill.

Twitter Love Trial First of Its Kind (Jan. 16): For the first time ever, a trial based on alleged defamation via twitter begins in the United States. Attorney Rhonda Holmes is suing her former client, rock musician and actress Courtney Love over a tweet in which Love claimed that Holmes had been "bought off" in a case related to the estate of Kurt Cobain, Nirvana singer and Love's deceased husband. The case is being referred to as the Twibel trial and could have major legal implications for any Twitter user. If Love is found guilty, it means any Twitter user could be sued for defamation. The Los Angeles Superior Court has already rejected an argument by Love's lawyers that language on Twitter should be interpreted differently than if the same words are used in a more formal setting. This is the first trial of its kind, but the second time Love has been sued over her tweets. Three years ago, a fashion designer filed a lawsuit against Love over a series of insulting tweets. However, that case never went to trial because Love settled out of court for $430,000. (Jan. 24): The jury votes in favor of Courtney Love. After only three hours of deliberation, the jury rules that Love's 2010 tweet suggesting that her attorney had been "bought off" was not defamatory.

President Obama Announces NSA Reforms (Jan. 17): President Obama announces reforms to the country's surveillance program based on his advisory panel's recommendations. He says that while he believes the activities of the NSA were legal, he acknowledges that some compromised civil liberties. "Our system of government is built on the premise that our liberty cannot depend on the good intentions of those in power," Obama says. "It depends on the law to constrain those in power." The reforms he outlines include: requiring NSA analysts to get a court order to access phone data unless in cases of emergencies an eventual end to the collection of massive amounts of metadata by the government the NSA will stop eavesdropping on leaders of allied nations officials can pursue a phone number linked to a terrorist association by two degrees rather than three and Congress will appoint advocates to argue on the side of civil liberties before the FISA court. He does not implement the recommendation about national security letters.


Homily for January 26, 2014: 3rd Sunday in Ordinary Time

This weekend, I&rsquom in Seneca, South Carolina, preparing to direct a parish mission at St. Paul the Apostle parish. I&rsquom preaching at all the Masses. Here&rsquos my homily for the occasion. DGK.

Last week, The New York Times had a story that probably shocked a few people.

It was a column by Nick Bilton, who writes about business issues and technology. He voiced a common complaint, about emails. He said that in December, he had 46,315 unread emails in his inbox. 46,315. When he went back to work after New Year&rsquos, he had zero. He deleted them all. Every single one. Without reading them. He said he was declaring what is known as &ldquoemail bankruptcy.&rdquo He was determined to start the New Year with an empty inbox.

That was pretty radical. I don&rsquot know if that would work for everyone&mdashI&rsquod be terrified of losing something important, even if it was something that had been sitting there for months, unread. But Bilton said he was prompted to do this by the sheer volume of messages he was getting. It was unmanageable. And he&rsquos not the only one it&rsquos happening to.

He cited a study by the Radicati Group, a technology and market research firm in California. The study said people send 182 billion emails each day around the world. That adds up to more than 67 trillion messages a year. The number of active email accounts swelled to 3.9 billion last year. New accounts are expected to grow by 6 percent in each of the next four years.

This is what we have come to. All those billions, TRILLIONS of notices, emails, communications, invitations&hellipwe are swamped, absolutely drowning, in messages. Let&rsquos be honest: how many of them do any of us keep, or even remember? How many are important?

On any given day, I find myself getting emails about cat videos&hellipor some fortune that has been left for me in a Nigerian bank account about it&hellipor a request to take part in a survey on a subject I know nothing about. We&rsquore drowning in so much that is unwanted or unnecessary.

But today, we hear a message that IS wanted and IS necessary.

&ldquoCome after me. I will make you fishers of men.&rdquo

Plain words spoken on the shores of a lake, in a time when there was email. In fact, there was no post office, no telegram, no phone, no email. Just this: a direct invitation.

&ldquoCome after me. Let me lead you.&rdquo

Those words changed history. And we are here today, in part, because of them&mdashand because of the men who responded. We&rsquore here because fishermen tending their nets listened. Because they dropped everything. And they followed.

In time, what they did, the choice they made, transformed the world.

Two thousand years later, that invitation is still out there. Christ still calls. To every one of us. The words of this gospel are being repeated again and again this morning in churches around the world. Jesus comes to us where we are&mdashwhether it&rsquos on the banks of a lake, or an office in Manhattan, or a kitchen in Queens or a church in Seneca, South Carolina. He comes to us and offers that invitation.

Come after me. I will help you do things you never imagined.

Just as Jesus continues to extend his invitation to discipleship to us, this week I&rsquod like to extend my own invitation to you.

Come after him. Come after Christ. For the next three nights, we&rsquoll have a series of talks here at the church, a parish mission, a kind of retreat. I&rsquoll share a few ideas about what I think it means to &ldquocome after&rdquo Christ&mdashand how those of us seeking to follow Him can do it better. The theme is taken from one of the dismissals at Mass: &ldquoGo in peace, glorifying the Lord with your life.&rdquo What does that mean? How can we do that in our prayer lives, in our families, in our marriages? How can we do that in the world?

We&rsquore offering the mission twice a day, in the morning after Mass, and in the evening at 7 pm. We&rsquove made it easy for you in the evening: you can come after dinner and still be home in time to catch &ldquoAmerican Idol.&rdquo

There are no tests, no hidden fees. I&rsquom not selling anything&mdashexcept, maybe, an idea. The idea that the call of Christ to the fisherman all those centuries ago is also his call to us today&mdashand there is no better time than now to answer it, to embrace our call as Christians, and especially as Catholic Christians&mdashEucharistic people. We cannot forget: when the priest or deacon says at the end of Mass, &ldquoGlorify the Lord with your life,&rdquo we leave the church as living tabernacles. We have received Christ in the Eucharist. We need to then literally bring him into the world, &ldquoglorifying the Lord with our lives.&rdquo

This week, we&rsquoll give that some serious thought, and explore ways to make those words more than just a concept. We&rsquoll try to make them a reality.

As Nick Bilton wrote: we live in a world drowning with messages.

But this gospel reminds of one message, one invitation, that really matters.

So, check your inbox. Jesus has sent you an invitation. It&rsquos not spam. He&rsquos waiting. Don&rsquot ignore him.


Watch the video: Ακολουθία του Όρθρου--23 Ιανουαρίου Άγιος Διονύσιος ο εν Ολύμπω (August 2022).