Stillaguamish Indian Tribe

Stillaguamish Indian Tribe

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The Stillaguamish Reservation is located in northern Snohomish County near Arlington, Washington, between the Cascade Mountains and Puget Sound. The Stillaguamish Watershed drains 694 square miles of Snohomish and Seattle.Tribal facilities are located primarily on a 40-acre site with housing and tribal offices. Altogether, the reservation consists of 76 acres.The Stillaguamish Tribe comprises descendants of the Stoluckwamish (river people) River Tribe. The Stillaguamish traded with neighboring tribes, and later, Europeans. Eventually they were employed by white settlers, toiling at such tasks as clearing land and harvesting crops.By the time one Samuel Hancock encountered the Stillaguamish people in 1850, members indicated a previous contact with Christianity by making the sign of the Cross over their chests. However, he reported, a handgun was something new to them.The name Stillaguamish has been used since around 1850 to refer to those natives who lived along the main branch of a river of the same name and camped along its north and south forks.Slowly capitulating to the domination of the new white settlers in the Puget Sound region, the Stillaguamish and others eventually relinquished the land their forebears had called home for millennia. Some moved onto the Tulalip Reservation, as called for in the treaty, but most remained in their ancestral area along the Stillaguamish River, or became assimilated elsewhere.The Rev. His efforts had a positive effect on the inhabitants.By the turn of the 20th century, however, the Stillaguamish tribe was nearly extinct. After moving to the Pacific Northwest from California, Ross made it her mission to restore the Stillaguamish to a gathered people and to win federal recognition for them as a tribe. She found that the Stillaguamish lacked a tribal identity; solely through federal recognition, she was convinced, could it be rekindled.Ross waged her campaign for half a century. A milestone during that period was the Stillaguamish Tribal Council's approval of a constitution on January 31, 1953.The tribe filed a claim with the Indian Claims Commission to seek compensation for lands ceded to the U.S. On January 8, 1970, the commission entered a judgment in the amount of $64,460 for the tribe's former 58,600 acres. This, allied with the historic 1974 decision of District Judge Hugo Boldt to grant the Stillaguamish (and other Northwest tribes) fishing rights based on treaty guarantees, raised the Stillaguamish to a new level of viability.The tribe petitioned the secretary of the interior to acknowledge them for recognition as an Indian Tribe in 1974. On October 27, 1976, they achieved federal recognition and treaty rights, and were made eligible for federal services.The Stillaguamish Tribal Hatchery was started in 1978 to help restore the the Stillaguamish River's diminishing Chinook and Coho salmon runs.The tribe was included in the Federal Register in 1979, which made it eligible for Indian Health Service care. The IHS Puget Sound Service Unit then incorporated the tribe as part of its user groups.In 1994, the Stillaguamish Tribe became involved with monitoring the water quality in the Stillaguamish Watershed as part of their efforts to recover the salmon runs. The tribe has since worked with local, state and federal agencies to isolate water quality problems as human demands on ground and surface water increase.In late 2002, tribal leaders announced plans to build a casino on 20 acres of property surrounding the tribe's administration building north of Arlington. The property also had a snack bar and employed about 200 persons.

*On her matrilineal side, Ross could trace her ancestry to Chief Caddus, an influential leader of the Stillaguamish.
**Land owned by the federal government but maintained by a tribe.
See Indian Wars Time Table.

Watch the video: 10 Indian Tribes You Are Calling by the Wrong Names (May 2022).